Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Zika Virus 


Mosquito Bites: The primary mode of transmission is through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus).

Mother to Child: A pregnant woman infected with Zika virus can pass the virus to her fetus, which can cause birth defects.

Blood Transfusion: There have been reports of Zika virus being transmitted through blood transfusions.

Laboratory Exposure: Rare cases of infection due to exposure in laboratory settings have been documented.


Fever: A mild fever is common in Zika virus infection. Rash: A red, blotchy rash may appear on the skin.

Joint Pain: Pain, particularly in the smaller joints of the hands and feet. Conjunctivitis: Red eyes or conjunctivitis is a common symptom.

Muscle Pain: Muscle aches and pains can occur. Headache: Headaches, often mild, are reported. General Discomfort: Feeling unwell or tired is common.


Rest: Ensuring plenty of rest is crucial for recovery. Hydration: Drink fluids to stay hydrated and prevent dehydration.

Pain Relievers: Use acetaminophen (Tylenol) to reduce fever and pain. Avoid aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding.

Medical Care: Consult a healthcare provider for guidance, especially if you are pregnant or have other health conditions.