What if robots could figure out more things on their own and share that knowledge among themselves? When we talk about robots, the first thing which comes to our mind is a machine which is designed like a human to make our life easy. But this concept is actually called humanoid robot.
We all know about Robots, it can be any machine which is programmable by computer that is capable of doing complex series of actions automatically. But Robots come under category Robotics and it could be defined as a revelation in technology that is governed with mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science etc. In other words, we can say Robotics deals with overall design, operation, application etc. of a robot.
How Robots came into Existence and Became Better than us
Journey of Robots started from Da Vinci to the latest models. He had a sketched out plan for building a robot. This robot, according to the analysis of its sketch, was able to perform all basic human movements like sitting up, moving its head and jaw, walking and waving its arm. This was known as “Robotic Knight”.
But this was not the first instance of robotics in the history, concept of robotics started long back. Around 350 BC, the great Greek mathematician, Archytas of Tarentum built the first model of airplane which was a mechanical bird moved by steam.
George Devol invented the first digital and programmable robot in 1954 and he named it, Unimate. In the year 1961, it was sold to General Motors. In this company it was used to lift pieces of hot metal from die casting machines at the Inland Fisher Guide Plant in the West Trenton section of Ewing Township, New Jersey.
Like this the journey of robotics started very early, lets just tore off the interesting part, as many of us don’t consider airplane under robotics. So to clear it up, any device that can make “smart” decision comes under robotics. These smart decisions can be in the form of electronic circuit or computer program that control any kind of movement. In above example movement is in the form of steam.
Since then, Robotics has grown leaps and emerged as an independent and important stream of studies. Now the focus is in field of developing Artificial Emotive Intelligence in robots.
Imagination becomes Smaller when we Talk of Robots Types
Industrial Robots: Industrial robots are used in manufacturing environment of an industry. These robots have specifically well built arms used for welding, handling materials etc.
Domestic Robots: Domestic robots are designed to make our day-to-day life easy. They do household chores and are mainly used for cleaning purposes or for surveillance purposes. For example the vacuum cleaning robot of the first generation is used for cleaning purposes.
Medical Robots: These robots are used in the hospitals and medicine industry. In today’s world we can see many advancement in medical science and one reason is robotics. These medical robots assist the doctors in surgery while many of them help for lifting different kinds of heavy material.
Military and Space Robots: Robotics has found its applications in critical fields like military also to protect our country from any kind of threats. In order to reduce human causality, robots are used for bomb disposals and many same kind of work. Many of us have heard about “drones” these days. Drones are nothing but a kind of robots that provide our soldiers with the aerial surveillance and data.
Top Notch Robots Present in the World
A humanoid robot is a robot with its overall appearance is based on the human body. In general humanoid robots have a torso with a head, two arms and two legs. Some forms of humanoid robots may model only part of the body, for example, from the chest up. Some humanoid robots may also have a ‘face’, with ‘eyes’ and ‘mouth’ like humans. Androids are humanoid robots built to resemble a male human, and Gynoids to resemble a female. When we talk about Space, robot used to collect the data from Mars for research purposes, NASA had used a robot named as “Mars Rovers”.
How Business utilizing Robotics
Manufacturing repeatedly requires repetitive tasks that need to be done quickly and efficiently by machines. So, there were always industrial robots since the early 1960’s and being used in automotive plants. And past few decades, they have gained so advancement and sophisticated sensors that they are used in every field military, healthcare and public safety. And surprisingly, even underwater application of robots could be seen. Because of Smartphones, robots have become cheaper with time. Even building constructions are using it, they now don’t need
to start from scratch. And a totally new feature is being added to robotics that robots can learn from each other because of Cloud Computing.
Many of us have tried to make a Robot at some point of life. And even if not tried yet, with this amazing piece of machinery, make one for yourself as it is going to be an important part of everyone’s future.