The use of plastic has been increasing at a tremendous rate for the last few decades, which plays a major role in all facets of modern lifestyle. Plastics are used in the manufacture of a great number of products such as mobile phones, domestic appliances, furniture items, medical devices, protective packaging, lightweight and safety components in cars, and insulation materials in buildings, etc. Plastics are used because they are effortless and saving costs to make it and can be durable. Destruction of plastic waste has come out as a major environmental challenge and its recycling is facing obstacles due to its non-degradable characteristic. The amount of plastic waste in our surroundings is continuously growing because plastic does not decompose biologically. However, so many articles showed the situation on the ‘sea beaches contain plastic’. Plastic waste is often the most objectionable type of litter and could be viewable for months in landfill sites without degrading.
Reuse of plastics and recycling is obtaining as major as a sustainable method for plastic waste disposal. Unluckily, plastic is one of the difficult kinds of material to recycle than aluminum, glass or paper. What is the common problem with recycling plastics?, it is that plastics which are often made up of more than one type of polymer or there may be some kind of fibre added to the plastic, can be a composite. Plastic polymers need a sustainable amount of processing to be recycled as a different type melts at different temperatures and has different properties, so be alert separation is very necessary. Moreover, most plastics are not greatly compatible with one another. Except for familiar applications such as industrial packaging film and recycling bottles, there are also new developments, e.g. The Recovinyl initiative of the PVC industry.
Lots of construction firms are using plastic materials. The components used involve everything from plastic screws and hinges to enlarge plastic parts that are used in electric wiring, decoration, flooring, water proofing, wall covering, etc.
Humans create 660 billion pounds of plastic in a year, and the manufacturing process produces three times as much carbon dioxide by weight as actual plastic. “That’s an insane amount of material,” states Newlight Technologies CEO Mark Herrema. “Wouldn’t we be better off using plastic as a conveyor belt for capturing and sequestering carbon emissions instead?” That’s exactly what his company does.
Typically, plastic is made by exposing hydrocarbons from fossil fuels to tremendous pressure and energy. Newlight’s first commercial plant, in California, captures methane generated by a dairy farm’s waste lagoon and transports it to a bioreactor. There, enzymes combine the gas with air to form a polymer. The resulting plastic, called AirCarbon, performs identically to most oil-based plastics, but costs less—creating a market-driven solution to global warming. Companies have already signed on to use AirCarbon in their products, including KI desk chairs (pictured), Dell computer packaging, and Sprint smartphone cases.